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Conservation Efforts of Captive Golden Takin (Budorcas taxicolor bedfordi) are Potentially Compromised by the Elevated Chemical Elements Exposure
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Title

Conservation Efforts of Captive Golden Takin (Budorcas taxicolor bedfordi) are Potentially Compromised by the Elevated Chemical Elements Exposure

Authors

Liu, Q; Chen, YP; Maltby, L; Ma, QY

Abstract

Chemical elements exposure of endangered golden takins (Budorcas taxicolor bedfordi) living in the Qinling Mountains and in a captive breeding center was assessed by analyzing fecal samples. Concentrations of As, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni and Se were significantly higher in the feces of captive golden takins than the wild. There was no significant difference in the fecal concentrations of Cd, Mn, Hg, Pb or Zn for wild and captive animals. The element concentration of fecal samples collected from captive animals varied seasonally, with concentrations being lowest in spring and highest in winter and/or autumn. The food provided to captive animals varied both in the composition and the concentration of element present. Consumptions of feedstuff and additional foods such as D. sanguinalis and A. mangostanus for the captive golden takins were identified as the possible sources of chemical element exposure. The estimations of dietary intake of most elements by captive takins were below the oral reference dose, except for As and Pb, indicating that As and Pb were the key components which contributed to the potential non-carcinogenic risk for captive golden takins. In conclusion, captive golden takins were exposed to higher concentrations of chemical elements compared with the wild, which were likely due to their dietary difference. Conservation efforts of captive golden takin are potentially compromised by the elevated chemical element exposure and effort should focus on providing uncontaminated food for captive animals.

Corresponding author

Chen Yiping

Volume

143

Issue

 

Page

72-79

Pub year

2017

Publication name

ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY

Details

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651317302750?via=ihub

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