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Climate Change and Soil Erosion in a Small Alpine Lake Basin on the Loess Plateau, China
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Title

Climate Change and Soil Erosion in a Small Alpine Lake Basin on the Loess Plateau, China

Authors

Yu, KK; Xu, H; Lan, JH; Sheng, EG; Liu, B; Wu, HX; Tan, LC; Yeager, KM

Abstract

Multi-proxy indices retrieved from sediments in Lake Chaonaqiu, an alpine lake on the western Loess Plateau (LP) of China, were used to reconstruct a precipitation history over the last similar to 300 years. The results correlate well with records from tree rings and historical documents in neighboring regions. We show that the lake oscillated between two states, i.e. wetter climatic conditions, which favored denser vegetation cover, and promoted weaker catchment soil erosion; and drier climatic conditions, which lead to less vegetation coverage, correlate with stronger surface soil erosion. Several intensive soil erosion events were identified in the sediment cores, and most of these occurred during decadal/multi-decadal dry periods, and correlate well with flood events documented in historical literature. The results of this study show that soil erosion by flood events is particularly intense during dry periods, and further highlights the role of vegetation cover in the conservation of water and soil in small lake basins on the Chinese LP.

Corresponding author

Xu Hai

Volume

42

Issue

8

Page

1238-1247

Pub year

2017

Publication name

EARTH SURFACE PROCESSES AND LANDFORMS

Details

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/esp.4071/abstract;jsessionid=03F14FB14D2218B33ADDC328A5411006.f04t04

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